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Research Article

A Genome-Wide Association Study Identifies Five Loci Influencing Facial Morphology in Europeans

  • Fan Liu,

    Affiliation: Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Fedde van der Lijn,

    Affiliations: Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Claudia Schurmann,

    Affiliation: Interfaculty Institute for Genetics and Functional Genomics, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Gu Zhu,

    Affiliation: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • M. Mallar Chakravarty,

    Affiliations: Rotman Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Pirro G. Hysi,

    Affiliation: Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Andreas Wollstein,

    Affiliation: Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Oscar Lao,

    Affiliation: Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Marleen de Bruijne,

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • M. Arfan Ikram,

    Affiliations: Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Aad van der Lugt,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Fernando Rivadeneira,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • André G. Uitterlinden,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Albert Hofman,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Wiro J. Niessen,

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Imaging Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

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  • Georg Homuth,

    Affiliation: Interfaculty Institute for Genetics and Functional Genomics, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Greig de Zubicaray,

    Affiliation: Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Katie L. McMahon,

    Affiliation: Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Paul M. Thompson,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Neuroimaging, School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Amro Daboul,

    Affiliation: Center of Oral Health, Department of Prosthodontics, Gerostomatology, and Dental Materials, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Ralf Puls,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Katrin Hegenscheid,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Liisa Bevan,

    Affiliation: Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Zdenka Pausova,

    Affiliation: The Hospital of Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Sarah E. Medland,

    Affiliation: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Grant W. Montgomery,

    Affiliation: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Margaret J. Wright,

    Affiliation: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Carol Wicking,

    Affiliation: Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Stefan Boehringer,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Statistics and Bioinformatics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Timothy D. Spector,

    Affiliation: Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Tomáš Paus,

    Affiliations: Rotman Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Montréal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montréal, Canada

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  • Nicholas G. Martin,

    Affiliation: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Reiner Biffar,

    Affiliation: Center of Oral Health, Department of Prosthodontics, Gerostomatology, and Dental Materials, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Manfred Kayser, for the International Visible Trait Genetics (VisiGen) Consortium mail

    m.kayser@erasmusmc.nl

    Affiliation: Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Published: September 13, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002932

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