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Research Article

Sex-stratified Genome-wide Association Studies Including 270,000 Individuals Show Sexual Dimorphism in Genetic Loci for Anthropometric Traits

  • Joshua C. Randall equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joshua C. Randall, Thomas W. Winkler, Zoltán Kutalik, Sonja I. Berndt

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Thomas W. Winkler equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joshua C. Randall, Thomas W. Winkler, Zoltán Kutalik, Sonja I. Berndt

    Affiliation: Department of Genetic Epidemiology, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

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  • Zoltán Kutalik equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joshua C. Randall, Thomas W. Winkler, Zoltán Kutalik, Sonja I. Berndt

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Genetics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne, Switzerland

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  • Sonja I. Berndt equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Joshua C. Randall, Thomas W. Winkler, Zoltán Kutalik, Sonja I. Berndt

    Affiliation: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Anne U. Jackson,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Keri L. Monda,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen,

    Affiliation: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Tõnu Esko,

    Affiliations: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Reedik Mägi,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Shengxu Li,

    Affiliations: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Epidemiology, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

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  • Tsegaselassie Workalemahu,

    Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Mary F. Feitosa,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

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  • Damien C. Croteau-Chonka,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Felix R. Day,

    Affiliation: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Tove Fall,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Teresa Ferreira,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Stefan Gustafsson,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Adam E. Locke,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Iain Mathieson,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Andre Scherag,

    Affiliation: Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IMIBE), University Hospital of Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

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  • Sailaja Vedantam,

    Affiliations: Divisions of Genetics and Endocrinology and Program in Genomics, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Metabolism Initiative and Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Andrew R. Wood,

    Affiliation: Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

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  • Liming Liang,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir,

    Affiliation: deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

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  • Gudmar Thorleifsson,

    Affiliation: deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

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  • Emmanouil T. Dermitzakis,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetic Medicine and Development, University of Geneva Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Antigone S. Dimas,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Genetic Medicine and Development, University of Geneva Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland, Biomedical Sciences Research Center Al. Fleming, Vari, Greece

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  • Fredrik Karpe,

    Affiliation: Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Josine L. Min,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • George Nicholson,

    Affiliations: Department of Statistics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, MRC Harwell, Harwell, United Kingdom

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  • Deborah J. Clegg,

    Affiliation: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

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  • Thomas Person,

    Affiliation: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

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  • Jon P. Krohn,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Sabrina Bauer,

    Affiliation: Regensburg University Medical Center, Innere Medizin I, Regensburg, Germany

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  • Christa Buechler,

    Affiliation: Regensburg University Medical Center, Innere Medizin I, Regensburg, Germany

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  • Kristina Eisinger,

    Affiliation: Regensburg University Medical Center, Innere Medizin I, Regensburg, Germany

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  • DIAGRAM Consortium,
  • Amélie Bonnefond,

    Affiliation: CNRS UMR8199-IBL-Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France

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  • Philippe Froguel,

    Affiliations: CNRS UMR8199-IBL-Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France, Department of Genomics of Common Disease, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • MAGIC Investigators,
  • Jouke-Jan Hottenga,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Inga Prokopenko,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Lindsay L. Waite,

    Affiliation: Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America

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  • Tamara B. Harris,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography, Biometry, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Albert Vernon Smith,

    Affiliations: Icelandic Heart Association, Kopavogur, Iceland, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

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  • Alan R. Shuldiner,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Geriatrics Research and Education Clinical Center, Baltimore Veterans Administration Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Wendy L. McArdle,

    Affiliation: School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Mark J. Caulfield,

    Affiliation: Clinical Pharmacology and Barts and The London Genome Centre, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Patricia B. Munroe,

    Affiliation: Clinical Pharmacology and Barts and The London Genome Centre, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Henrik Grönberg,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Yii-Der Ida Chen,

    Affiliations: Department of OB/GYN and Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Guo Li,

    Affiliation: Cardiovascular Health Research Unit, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Jacques S. Beckmann,

    Affiliations: Service of Medical Genetics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Medical Genetics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

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  • Toby Johnson,

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Genetics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne, Switzerland, Clinical Pharmacology and Barts and The London Genome Centre, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Unnur Thorsteinsdottir,

    Affiliations: deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland

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  • Maris Teder-Laving,

    Affiliation: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Kay-Tee Khaw,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Nicholas J. Wareham,

    Affiliation: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Jing Hua Zhao,

    Affiliation: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Najaf Amin,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Ben A. Oostra,

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Genetics, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Centre for Medical Systems Biology & Netherlands Consortium on Healthy Aging, Leiden, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Aldi T. Kraja,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

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  • Michael A. Province,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

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  • L. Adrienne Cupples,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Nancy L. Heard-Costa,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Jaakko Kaprio,

    Affiliations: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Unit for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland, Finnish Twin Cohort Study, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Samuli Ripatti,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Unit of Public Health Genomics, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Ida Surakka,

    Affiliations: Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Unit of Public Health Genomics, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Francis S. Collins,

    Affiliation: Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Jouko Saramies,

    Affiliation: South Karelia Central Hospital, Lappeenranta, Finland

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  • Jaakko Tuomilehto,

    Affiliations: Red RECAVA Grupo RD06/0014/0015, Hospital Universitario, La Paz, Madrid, Spain, Centre for Vascular Prevention, Danube-University Krems, Krems, Austria, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Diabetes Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland, South Ostrobothnia Central Hospital, Seinajoki, Finland

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  • Antti Jula,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Population Studies Unit, Turku, Finland

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  • Veikko Salomaa,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Jeanette Erdmann,

    Affiliations: Nordic Center of Cardiovascular Research (NCCR), Lübeck, Germany, Universität zu Lübeck, Medizinische Klinik II, Lübeck, Germany

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  • Christian Hengstenberg,

    Affiliation: Institut für Medizinische Biometrie und Statistik, Universität zu Lübeck, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

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  • Christina Loley,

    Affiliations: Universität zu Lübeck, Medizinische Klinik II, Lübeck, Germany, Deutsches Herzzentrum München and DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany

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  • Heribert Schunkert,

    Affiliation: Deutsches Herzzentrum München and DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany

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  • Claudia Lamina,

    Affiliation: Division of Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Medical Genetics, Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria

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  • H. Erich Wichmann,

    Affiliations: Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany, Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Chair of Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, and Klinikum Grosshadern, Munich, Germany

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  • Eva Albrecht,

    Affiliation: Institute of Genetic Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

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  • Christian Gieger,

    Affiliation: Institute of Genetic Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

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  • Andrew A. Hicks,

    Affiliation: Center for Biomedicine, European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), Bolzano/Bozen, Italy, Affiliated Institute of the University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

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  • Åsa Johansson,

    Affiliations: Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, Uppsala Clinical Research Center, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Peter P. Pramstaller,

    Affiliations: Center for Biomedicine, European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), Bolzano/Bozen, Italy, Affiliated Institute of the University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany, Department of Neurology, General Central Hospital, Bolzano, Italy, Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

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  • Sekar Kathiresan,

    Affiliations: Cardiovascular Research Center and Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Elizabeth K. Speliotes,

    Affiliations: Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Brenda Penninx,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Anna-Liisa Hartikainen,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Sciences/Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

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  • Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Oulu, Finland

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  • Ulf Gyllensten,

    Affiliation: Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

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  • Dorret I. Boomsma,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Harry Campbell,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • James F. Wilson,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Stephen J. Chanock,

    Affiliation: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Martin Farrall,

    Affiliation: Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anuj Goel,

    Affiliation: Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Carolina Medina-Gomez,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Fernando Rivadeneira,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Karol Estrada,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • André G. Uitterlinden,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Albert Hofman,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • M. Carola Zillikens,

    Affiliations: Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Martin den Heijer,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Lambertus A. Kiemeney,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and HTA, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Comprehensive Cancer Center East, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

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  • Andrea Maschio,

    Affiliation: Istituto di Neurogenetica e Neurofarmacologia del CNR, Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy

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  • Per Hall,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Jonathan Tyrer,

    Affiliation: Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Alexander Teumer,

    Affiliation: Interfaculty Institute for Genetics and Functional Genomics, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Henry Völzke,

    Affiliation: Institute for Community Medicine, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

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  • Peter Kovacs,

    Affiliation: Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Research, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Anke Tönjes,

    Affiliations: University of Leipzig, IFB Adiposity Diseases, Leipzig, Germany, Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Massimo Mangino,

    Affiliation: Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Tim D. Spector,

    Affiliation: Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Caroline Hayward,

    Affiliation: MRC Human Genetics Unit, Institute for Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Igor Rudan,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Alistair S. Hall,

    Affiliation: Division of Cardiovascular and Neuronal Remodelling, Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

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  • Nilesh J. Samani,

    Affiliations: Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, United Kingdom, Leicester NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Cardiovascular Disease, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, United Kingdom

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  • Antony Paul Attwood,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Jennifer G. Sambrook,

    Affiliations: Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, NHS Blood and Transplant, Cambridge Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Joseph Hung,

    Affiliations: School of Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Austrailia, Australia, Busselton Population Medical Research Foundation Inc., Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia

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  • Lyle J. Palmer,

    Affiliations: Genetic Epidemiology and Biostatistics Platform, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Canada, Prosserman Centre for Health Research, Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Toronto, Canada

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  • Marja-Liisa Lokki,

    Affiliation: Transplantation Laboratory, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Juha Sinisalo,

    Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Laboratory, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Gabrielle Boucher,

    Affiliation: Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

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  • Heikki Huikuri,

    Affiliation: Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

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  • Mattias Lorentzon,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

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  • Claes Ohlsson,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

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  • Niina Eklund,

    Affiliations: Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Unit of Public Health Genomics, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Johan G. Eriksson,

    Affiliations: Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Unit of General Practice, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Cristina Barlassina,

    Affiliation: University of Milan, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Milano, Italy

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  • Carlo Rivolta,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Genetics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

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  • Ilja M. Nolte,

    Affiliation: Unit of Genetic Epidemiology and Bioinformatics, Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Harold Snieder,

    Affiliations: Unit of Genetic Epidemiology and Bioinformatics, Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, LifeLines Cohort Study, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Melanie M. Van der Klauw,

    Affiliations: LifeLines Cohort Study, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Department of Endocrinology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Jana V. Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk,

    Affiliations: LifeLines Cohort Study, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Department of Endocrinology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Pablo V. Gejman,

    Affiliations: University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Northshore University Healthsystem, Evanston, Ilinois, United States of America

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  • Jianxin Shi,

    Affiliation: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Kevin B. Jacobs,

    Affiliations: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Core Genotyping Facility, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Zhaoming Wang,

    Affiliations: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Core Genotyping Facility, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Stephan J. L. Bakker,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Irene Mateo Leach,

    Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Gerjan Navis,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Pim van der Harst,

    Affiliations: Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Nicholas G. Martin,

    Affiliation: Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia

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  • Sarah E. Medland,

    Affiliation: Genetic Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia

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  • Grant W. Montgomery,

    Affiliation: Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia

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  • Jian Yang,

    Affiliation: Queensland Statistical Genetics Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia

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  • Daniel I. Chasman,

    Affiliations: Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Paul M. Ridker,

    Affiliations: Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Lynda M. Rose,

    Affiliation: Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Terho Lehtimäki,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland

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  • Olli Raitakari,

    Affiliations: Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland, The Department of Clinical Physiology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

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  • Devin Absher,

    Affiliation: Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • Carlos Iribarren,

    Affiliation: Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California, United States of America

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  • Hanneke Basart,

    Affiliation: Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Kees G. Hovingh,

    Affiliation: Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    X
  • Elina Hyppönen,

    Affiliation: Centre For Paediatric Epidemiolgy and Biostatistics/MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, University College of London Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Chris Power,

    Affiliation: Centre For Paediatric Epidemiolgy and Biostatistics/MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, University College of London Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Denise Anderson,

    Affiliations: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

    X
  • John P. Beilby,

    Affiliations: Busselton Population Medical Research Foundation Inc., Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, PathWest Laboratory of Western Australia, Department of Molecular Genetics, QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia

    X
  • Jennie Hui,

    Affiliations: Busselton Population Medical Research Foundation Inc., Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, PathWest Laboratory of Western Australia, Department of Molecular Genetics, QEII Medical Centre, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Austrailia, Australia

    X
  • Jennifer Jolley,

    Affiliation: Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Hendrik Sager,

    Affiliation: Medizinische Klinik II, Universität zu Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

    X
  • Stefan R. Bornstein,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine III, University of Dresden, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany

    X
  • Peter E. H. Schwarz,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine III, University of Dresden, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany

    X
  • Kati Kristiansson,

    Affiliations: Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Unit of Public Health Genomics, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Markus Perola,

    Affiliations: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Unit of Public Health Genomics, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Jaana Lindström,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Diabetes Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Amy J. Swift,

    Affiliation: Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Matti Uusitupa,

    Affiliations: Department of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland, Research Unit, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Mustafa Atalay,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biomedicine/Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Timo A. Lakka,

    Affiliations: Institute of Biomedicine/Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, Kuopio, Finland, Kuopio Research Institute of Exercise Medicine, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Rainer Rauramaa,

    Affiliations: Kuopio Research Institute of Exercise Medicine, Kuopio, Finland, Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Jennifer L. Bolton,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Gerry Fowkes,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Ross M. Fraser,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jackie F. Price,

    Affiliation: Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    X
  • Krista Fischer,

    Affiliation: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Kaarel KrjutÅ¡kov,

    Affiliation: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Andres Metspalu,

    Affiliation: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Evelin Mihailov,

    Affiliations: Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

    X
  • Claudia Langenberg,

    Affiliations: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jian'an Luan,

    Affiliation: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Ken K. Ong,

    Affiliations: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, MRC Unit for Lifelong Health & Ageing, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Peter S. Chines,

    Affiliation: Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Sirkka M. Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi,

    Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Unit of General Practice, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland

    X
  • Timo E. Saaristo,

    Affiliations: Finnish Diabetes Association, Tampere, Finland, Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Tampere, Finland

    X
  • Sarah Edkins,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Paul W. Franks,

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Sciences, Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden, Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Public Health & Clinical Medicine, Umeå University,Umeå, Sweden

    X
  • Göran Hallmans,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health & Clinical Medicine, Umeå University,Umeå, Sweden

    X
  • Dmitry Shungin,

    Affiliations: Department of Clinical Sciences, Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Skåne University Hospital Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden, Department of Public Health & Clinical Medicine, Umeå University,Umeå, Sweden, Department of Odontology, Umeå University, Umea, Sweden

    X
  • Andrew David Morris,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, United Kingdom

    X
  • Colin N. A. Palmer,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, United Kingdom

    X
  • Raimund Erbel,

    Affiliation: Clinic of Cardiology, West German Heart Centre, University Hospital of Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

    X
  • Susanne Moebus,

    Affiliation: Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IMIBE), University Hospital of Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

    X
  • Markus M. Nöthen,

    Affiliations: Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, Department of Genomics, Life & Brain Center, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

    X
  • Sonali Pechlivanis,

    Affiliation: Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IMIBE), University Hospital of Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

    X
  • Kristian Hveem,

    Affiliation: HUNT Research Centre, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Levanger, Norway

    X
  • Narisu Narisu,

    Affiliation: Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Anders Hamsten,

    Affiliation: Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Steve E. Humphries,

    Affiliation: Cardiovascular Genetics, British Heart Foundation Laboratories, Rayne Building, University College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Rona J. Strawbridge,

    Affiliation: Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Elena Tremoli,

    Affiliation: Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Monzino Cardiology Center, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

    X
  • Harald Grallert,

    Affiliation: Unit for Molecular Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

    X
  • Barbara Thorand,

    Affiliation: Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

    X
  • Thomas Illig,

    Affiliations: Unit for Molecular Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany, Hannover Unified Biobank, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

    X
  • Wolfgang Koenig,

    Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine II – Cardiology, University of Ulm Medical Center, Ulm, Germany

    X
  • Martina Müller-Nurasyid,

    Affiliations: Institute of Genetic Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany, Department of Medicine I, University Hospital Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany, Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Chair of Genetic Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany

    X
  • Annette Peters,

    Affiliation: Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

    X
  • Bernhard O. Boehm,

    Affiliation: Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Ulm, Germany

    X
  • Marcus E. Kleber,

    Affiliations: LURIC Study nonprofit LLC, Freiburg, Germany, Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical Faculty of Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany

    X
  • Winfried März,

    Affiliations: Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical Faculty of Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany, Synlab Academy, Mannheim, Germany

    X
  • Bernhard R. Winkelmann,

    Affiliation: Cardiology Group, Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen, Germany

    X
  • Johanna Kuusisto,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Markku Laakso,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

    X
  • Dominique Arveiler,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Strasbourg, France

    X
  • Giancarlo Cesana,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy

    X
  • Kari Kuulasmaa,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • Jarmo Virtamo,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland

    X
  • John W. G. Yarnell,

    Affiliation: Centre for Public Health, Queen's University, Belfast, United Kingdom

    X
  • Diana Kuh,

    Affiliation: MRC Unit for Lifelong Health & Ageing, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Andrew Wong,

    Affiliation: MRC Unit for Lifelong Health & Ageing, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Lars Lind,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Akademiska Sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden

    X
  • Ulf de Faire,

    Affiliation: Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Bruna Gigante,

    Affiliation: Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Patrik K. E. Magnusson,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Nancy L. Pedersen,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • George Dedoussis,

    Affiliation: Department of Dietetics-Nutrition, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece

    X
  • Maria Dimitriou,

    Affiliation: Department of Dietetics-Nutrition, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece

    X
  • Genovefa Kolovou,

    Affiliation: 1st Cardiology Department, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Athens, Greece

    X
  • Stavroula Kanoni,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Kathleen Stirrups,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Lori L. Bonnycastle,

    Affiliation: Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Inger Njølstad,

    Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway

    X
  • Tom Wilsgaard,

    Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway

    X
  • Andrea Ganna,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Emil Rehnberg,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Aroon Hingorani,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Mika Kivimaki,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Meena Kumari,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Themistocles L. Assimes,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

    X
  • Inês Barroso,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Labs, Institute of Metabolic Science Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Michael Boehnke,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Ingrid B. Borecki,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

    X
  • Panos Deloukas,

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Caroline S. Fox,

    Affiliation: Division of Intramural Research, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Timothy Frayling,

    Affiliation: Genetics of Complex Traits, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

    X
  • Leif C. Groop,

    Affiliation: Lund University Diabetes Centre, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

    X
  • Talin Haritunians,

    Affiliation: Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

    X
  • David Hunter,

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Erik Ingelsson,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

    X
  • Robert Kaplan,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Karen L. Mohlke,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Jeffrey R. O'Connell,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • David Schlessinger,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Genetics, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • David P. Strachan,

    Affiliation: Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Kari Stefansson,

    Affiliations: deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland

    X
  • Cornelia M. van Duijn,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Leiden, The Netherlands, Center of Medical Systems Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

    X
  • Gonçalo R. Abecasis,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, Center for Statistical Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

    X
  • Mark I. McCarthy,

    Affiliations: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Joel N. Hirschhorn,

    Affiliations: Divisions of Genetics and Endocrinology and Program in Genomics, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Metabolism Initiative and Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Lu Qi,

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Ruth J. F. Loos mail,

    ruth.loos@mssm.edu (RJFL); celi@well.ox.ac.uk (CML); kari_north@unc.edu (KEN); iris.heid@klinik.uni-regensburg.de (IMH)

    Affiliations: MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Genetics of Obesity and Related Metabolic Traits Program,The Charles Bronfman Institute of Personalized Medicine, Child Health and Development Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

    These authors supervised this work jointly.

    X
  • Cecilia M. Lindgren mail,

    ruth.loos@mssm.edu (RJFL); celi@well.ox.ac.uk (CML); kari_north@unc.edu (KEN); iris.heid@klinik.uni-regensburg.de (IMH)

    Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    These authors supervised this work jointly.

    X
  • Kari E. North mail,

    ruth.loos@mssm.edu (RJFL); celi@well.ox.ac.uk (CML); kari_north@unc.edu (KEN); iris.heid@klinik.uni-regensburg.de (IMH)

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

    These authors supervised this work jointly.

    X
  • Iris M. Heid mail

    ruth.loos@mssm.edu (RJFL); celi@well.ox.ac.uk (CML); kari_north@unc.edu (KEN); iris.heid@klinik.uni-regensburg.de (IMH)

    Affiliations: Department of Genetic Epidemiology, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, Institute of Genetic Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

    These authors supervised this work jointly.

    X
  • Published: June 06, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003500

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