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Research Article

Differential Effects of MYH9 and APOL1 Risk Variants on FRMD3 Association with Diabetic ESRD in African Americans

  • Barry I. Freedman equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Barry I. Freedman, Carl D. Langefeld

    bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

    Affiliation: Section on Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Carl D. Langefeld equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Barry I. Freedman, Carl D. Langefeld

    bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Lingyi Lu,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Jasmin Divers,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Mary E. Comeau,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Jeffrey B. Kopp,

    Affiliation: Kidney Disease Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Cheryl A. Winkler,

    Affiliation: Basic Research Laboratory, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • George W. Nelson,

    Affiliation: BSP CCR Genetics Core, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Randall C. Johnson,

    Affiliations: BSP CCR Genetics Core, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, Chaire de Bioinformatique, Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris, France

    X
  • Nicholette D. Palmer,

    Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Pamela J. Hicks,

    Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Meredith A. Bostrom,

    Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Jessica N. Cooke,

    Affiliations: Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Program in Molecular Medicine and Translational Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Caitrin W. McDonough,

    Affiliations: Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Program in Molecular Medicine and Translational Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Donald W. Bowden mail

    bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

    Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Section on Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Published: June 16, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002150

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