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Research Article

Modeling 3D Facial Shape from DNA

  • Peter Claes,

    Affiliation: Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, Belgium

    X
  • Denise K. Liberton,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Katleen Daniels,

    Affiliation: Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, Belgium

    X
  • Kerri Matthes Rosana,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Ellen E. Quillen,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Laurel N. Pearson,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Brian McEvoy,

    Affiliation: Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Dublin, Ireland

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  • Marc Bauchet,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Arslan A. Zaidi,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Wei Yao,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Hua Tang,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States of America

    X
  • Gregory S. Barsh,

    Affiliations: Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States of America, HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America

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  • Devin M. Absher,

    Affiliation: HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America

    X
  • David A. Puts,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Jorge Rocha,

    Affiliations: CIBIO: Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal, Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

    X
  • Sandra Beleza,

    Affiliations: Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States of America, IPATIMUP: Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

    X
  • Rinaldo W. Pereira,

    Affiliation: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasilia, Brasil

    X
  • Gareth Baynam,

    Affiliations: School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia, Genetic Services of Western Australia, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia

    X
  • Paul Suetens,

    Affiliation: Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, Belgium

    X
  • Dirk Vandermeulen,

    Affiliation: Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, Belgium

    X
  • Jennifer K. Wagner,

    Affiliation: Center for the Integration of Genetic Healthcare Technologies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • James S. Boster,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

    X
  • Mark D. Shriver mail

    mds17@psu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

    X
  • Published: March 20, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004224

About the Authors

Peter Claes, Katleen Daniels, Paul Suetens, Dirk Vandermeulen
Medical Image Computing, ESAT/PSI, Department of Electrical Engineering, KU Leuven, Medical Imaging Research Center, KU Leuven & UZ Leuven, iMinds-KU Leuven Future Health Department, Leuven, Belgium
Denise K. Liberton, Kerri Matthes Rosana, Ellen E. Quillen, Laurel N. Pearson, Marc Bauchet, Arslan A. Zaidi, Wei Yao, David A. Puts, Mark D. Shriver
Department of Anthropology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Brian McEvoy
Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Dublin, Ireland
Hua Tang, Gregory S. Barsh, Sandra Beleza
Department of Genetics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States of America
Gregory S. Barsh, Devin M. Absher
HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America
Jorge Rocha
CIBIO: Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Jorge Rocha
Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Sandra Beleza
IPATIMUP: Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Rinaldo W. Pereira
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Genômicas e Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasilia, Brasil
Gareth Baynam
School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Gareth Baynam
Institute for Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia
Gareth Baynam
Genetic Services of Western Australia, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth, Australia
Jennifer K. Wagner
Center for the Integration of Genetic Healthcare Technologies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
James S. Boster
Department of Anthropology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mds17@psu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PC GB JSB MDS. Performed the experiments: PC DKL KMR EEQ LNP BM MB AAZ WY DMA JR SB RWP JKW JSB MDS. Analyzed the data: PC DKL DAP KD JKW JSB MDS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PC HT GSB JR SB PS DV MDS. Wrote the paper: PC BM DAP KD JKW JSB MDS.