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Research Article

Retroactive Maintains Cuticle Integrity by Promoting the Trafficking of Knickkopf into the Procuticle of Tribolium castaneum

  • Sujata S. Chaudhari mail,

    sujatasv@ksu.edu (SSC); rbeeman@cox.net (RWB)

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • Yasuyuki Arakane,

    Affiliation: Division of Plant Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea

    X
  • Charles A. Specht,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Bernard Moussian,

    Affiliation: Interfaculty Institute for Cell Biology, Animal Genetics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

    X
  • Karl J. Kramer,

    Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America, Center for Grain and Animal Health Research, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • Subbaratnam Muthukrishnan,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • Richard W. Beeman mail

    sujatasv@ksu.edu (SSC); rbeeman@cox.net (RWB)

    Affiliation: Center for Grain and Animal Health Research, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 31, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003268

About the Authors

Sujata S. Chaudhari, Karl J. Kramer, Subbaratnam Muthukrishnan
Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America
Yasuyuki Arakane
Division of Plant Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea
Charles A. Specht
Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America
Bernard Moussian
Interfaculty Institute for Cell Biology, Animal Genetics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
Karl J. Kramer, Richard W. Beeman
Center for Grain and Animal Health Research, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SSC SM RWB KJK. Performed the experiments: SSC CAS BM YA. Analyzed the data: SSC SM RWB KJK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SSC CAS BM RWB. Wrote the paper: SSC RWB SM KJK.