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Research Article

A Comparison of Brain Gene Expression Levels in Domesticated and Wild Animals

  • Frank W. Albert mail,

    falbert@princeton.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Mehmet Somel,

    Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, CAS–MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology SIBS, Shanghai, China

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  • Miguel Carneiro,

    Affiliations: CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Vairão, Portugal, Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

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  • Ayinuer Aximu-Petri,

    Affiliation: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Michel Halbwax,

    Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Fernan Vaz Gorilla Project, Port-Gentil, Gabon

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  • Olaf Thalmann,

    Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

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  • Jose A. Blanco-Aguiar,

    Affiliations: CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Vairão, Portugal, Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal, Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain

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  • Irina Z. Plyusnina †,

    † Deceased.

    Affiliation: Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Lyudmila Trut,

    Affiliation: Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

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  • Rafael Villafuerte,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain

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  • Nuno Ferrand,

    Affiliations: CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Vairão, Portugal, Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

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  • Sylvia Kaiser,

    Affiliation: Department of Behavioural Biology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany

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  • Per Jensen,

    Affiliation: IFM Biology, Division of Zoology, Avian Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden

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  • Svante Pääbo

    Affiliation: Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

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  • Published: September 27, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002962

About the Authors

Frank W. Albert, Mehmet Somel, Ayinuer Aximu-Petri, Michel Halbwax, Olaf Thalmann, Svante Pääbo
Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Frank W. Albert
Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Mehmet Somel
CAS–MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology SIBS, Shanghai, China
Miguel Carneiro, Jose A. Blanco-Aguiar, Nuno Ferrand
CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Vairão, Portugal
Miguel Carneiro, Jose A. Blanco-Aguiar, Nuno Ferrand
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Michel Halbwax
Fernan Vaz Gorilla Project, Port-Gentil, Gabon
Olaf Thalmann
Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Jose A. Blanco-Aguiar, Rafael Villafuerte
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain
Irina Z. Plyusnina, Lyudmila Trut
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia
Sylvia Kaiser
Department of Behavioural Biology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
Per Jensen
IFM Biology, Division of Zoology, Avian Behaviour Genomics and Physiology Group, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: falbert@princeton.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FWA SP. Performed the experiments: FWA AA-P MH. Analyzed the data: FWA MS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FWA MC OT JAB-A IZP LT RV NF SK PJ. Wrote the paper: FWA SP.