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Research Article

De Novo Origin of Human Protein-Coding Genes

  • Dong-Dong Wu,

    Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China

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  • David M. Irwin,

    Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Ya-Ping Zhang mail

    zhangyp@mail.kiz.ac.cn

    Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China, Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resource, Yunnan University, Kunming, China

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  • Published: November 10, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002379

About the Authors

Dong-Dong Wu, David M. Irwin, Ya-Ping Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
David M. Irwin
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
David M. Irwin
Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Ya-Ping Zhang
Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resource, Yunnan University, Kunming, China

Corresponding Author

Email: zhangyp@mail.kiz.ac.cn

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: D-DW Y-PZ. Performed the experiments: D-DW Y-PZ. Analyzed the data: D-DW DMI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: D-DW DMI Y-PZ. Wrote the paper: D-DW DMI.