Advertisement
Research Article

OAZ-t/OAZ3 Is Essential for Rigid Connection of Sperm Tails to Heads in Mouse

  • Keizo Tokuhiro,

    Affiliations: TANAKA Project, Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan, Animal Resource Center for Infectious Diseases, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Ayako Isotani,

    Affiliation: Animal Resource Center for Infectious Diseases, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Sadaki Yokota,

    Affiliation: Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan

    X
  • Yoshihisa Yano,

    Affiliation: Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioenvironmental Science, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kameoka, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Shigeru Oshio,

    Affiliation: Department of Hygiene Chemistry, Ohu University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Koriyama, Fukushima, Japan

    X
  • Mika Hirose,

    Affiliation: TANAKA Project, Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Morimasa Wada,

    Affiliation: Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan

    X
  • Kyoko Fujita,

    Affiliation: Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan

    X
  • Yukiko Ogawa,

    Affiliation: Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan

    X
  • Masaru Okabe,

    Affiliation: Animal Resource Center for Infectious Diseases, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Yoshitake Nishimune,

    Affiliation: Research Collaboration Center on Emerging and Re-emerging Infections, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Hiromitsu Tanaka mail

    h-tanaka@niu.ac.jp

    Affiliations: TANAKA Project, Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan, Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan

    X
  • Published: November 06, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000712

About the Authors

Keizo Tokuhiro, Mika Hirose, Hiromitsu Tanaka
TANAKA Project, Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Keizo Tokuhiro, Ayako Isotani, Masaru Okabe
Animal Resource Center for Infectious Diseases, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
Sadaki Yokota
Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
Yoshihisa Yano
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioenvironmental Science, Kyoto Gakuen University, Kameoka, Kyoto, Japan
Shigeru Oshio
Department of Hygiene Chemistry, Ohu University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Koriyama, Fukushima, Japan
Morimasa Wada, Kyoko Fujita, Hiromitsu Tanaka
Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
Yukiko Ogawa
Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki International University, Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan
Yoshitake Nishimune
Research Collaboration Center on Emerging and Re-emerging Infections, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: h-tanaka@niu.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HT. Performed the experiments: KT AI SY YY SO KF YO. Analyzed the data: KT MH MW HT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MO YN HT. Wrote the paper: HT.