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Research Article

Evidence for Different Pathways during Horizontal Gene Transfer in Competent Bacillus subtilis Cells

  • Dawit Kidane equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Dawit Kidane, Begoña Carrasco

    Affiliation: Mikrobiologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Begoña Carrasco equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Dawit Kidane, Begoña Carrasco

    Affiliation: Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Campus Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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  • Candela Manfredi,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Campus Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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  • Katharina Rothmaier,

    Affiliation: Mikrobiologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Silvia Ayora,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Campus Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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  • Serkalem Tadesse,

    Affiliation: Mikrobiologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Juan C. Alonso mail,

    jcalonso@cnb.csic.es (JCA); peter.graumann@biologie.uni-freiburg.de (PLG)

    Affiliation: Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Campus Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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  • Peter L. Graumann mail

    jcalonso@cnb.csic.es (JCA); peter.graumann@biologie.uni-freiburg.de (PLG)

    Affiliation: Mikrobiologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Published: September 04, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000630

About the Authors

Dawit Kidane, Katharina Rothmaier, Serkalem Tadesse, Peter L. Graumann
Mikrobiologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Begoña Carrasco, Candela Manfredi, Silvia Ayora, Juan C. Alonso
Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, CSIC, Campus Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DK BC SA JCA PLG. Performed the experiments: DK BC CM KR ST. Analyzed the data: DK BC SA JCA. Wrote the paper: DK BC SA JCA PLG.