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Research Article

Inferring the Demographic History of African Farmers and Pygmy Hunter–Gatherers Using a Multilocus Resequencing Data Set

  • Etienne Patin,

    Affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France, Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Guillaume Laval,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

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  • Luis B. Barreiro,

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

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  • Antonio Salas,

    Affiliation: Unidade de Xenética, Instituto de Medicina Legal, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain

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  • Ornella Semino,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

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  • Silvana Santachiara-Benerecetti,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

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  • Kenneth K. Kidd,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Judith R. Kidd,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Lolke Van der Veen,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS UMR5596, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France

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  • Jean-Marie Hombert,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS UMR5596, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France

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  • Antoine Gessain,

    Affiliation: Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

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  • Alain Froment,

    Affiliation: Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Serge Bahuchet,

    Affiliation: Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Evelyne Heyer,

    Affiliation: Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

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  • Lluís Quintana-Murci mail

    quintana@pasteur.fr

    Affiliation: Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

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  • Published: April 10, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000448

About the Authors

Etienne Patin, Guillaume Laval, Luis B. Barreiro, Lluís Quintana-Murci
Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France
Etienne Patin, Alain Froment, Serge Bahuchet, Evelyne Heyer
Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France
Antonio Salas
Unidade de Xenética, Instituto de Medicina Legal, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain
Ornella Semino, Silvana Santachiara-Benerecetti
Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Kenneth K. Kidd, Judith R. Kidd
Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
Lolke Van der Veen, Jean-Marie Hombert
Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS UMR5596, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France
Antoine Gessain
Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Corresponding Author

Email: quintana@pasteur.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EP LQM. Performed the experiments: EP. Analyzed the data: EP GL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AS OS SSB KKK JRK LVdV JMH AG AF EH. Wrote the paper: EP LQM. Critically read the manuscript: GL LBB KKK JRK JMH SB EH. Obtained funding: EH LQM.