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Research Article

A Toxin–Antitoxin System Promotes the Maintenance of an Integrative Conjugative Element

  • Rachel A. F. Wozniak,

    Affiliations: Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States of America, Program in Genetics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Matthew K. Waldor mail

    mwaldor@rics.bwh.harvard.edu

    Affiliations: Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States of America, Program in Genetics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Published: March 27, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000439

About the Authors

Rachel A. F. Wozniak, Matthew K. Waldor
Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Rachel A. F. Wozniak, Matthew K. Waldor
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States of America
Rachel A. F. Wozniak, Matthew K. Waldor
Program in Genetics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mwaldor@rics.bwh.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RAFW MKW. Performed the experiments: RAFW. Analyzed the data: RAFW MKW. Wrote the paper: RAFW MKW.