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Research Article

A Human-Curated Annotation of the Candida albicans Genome

  • Burkhard R Braun,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Marco van het Hoog,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Christophe d'Enfert,

    Affiliation: Unité Postulante Biologie et Pathogénicité Fongiques, INRA USC 2019, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

    X
  • Mikhail Martchenko,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Jan Dungan,

    Affiliation: Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Alan Kuo,

    Affiliation: Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Diane O Inglis,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • M. Andrew Uhl,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Hervé Hogues,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Matthew Berriman,

    Affiliation: The Sanger Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Michael Lorenz,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Utah-Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Anastasia Levitin,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Ursula Oberholzer,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Catherine Bachewich,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Doreen Harcus,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Anne Marcil,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Daniel Dignard,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Tatiana Iouk,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Rosa Zito,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Lionel Frangeul,

    Affiliation: Plate-Forme Intégration et Analyse Génomique, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

    X
  • Fredj Tekaia,

    Affiliation: Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Levures, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

    X
  • Kim Rutherford,

    Affiliation: The Sanger Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Edwin Wang,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Carol A Munro,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

    X
  • Steve Bates,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

    X
  • Neil A Gow,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

    X
  • Lois L Hoyer,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

    X
  • Gerwald Köhler,

    Affiliation: Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Joachim Morschhäuser,

    Affiliation: Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie, Universität Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany

    X
  • George Newport,

    Affiliation: Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Sadri Znaidi,

    Affiliation: Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Martine Raymond,

    Affiliation: Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Bernard Turcotte,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Gavin Sherlock,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, United States of America

    X
  • Maria Costanzo,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, United States of America

    X
  • Jan Ihmels,

    Affiliation: Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

    X
  • Judith Berman,

    Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Cell Biology, and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Dominique Sanglard,

    Affiliation: Institute of Microbiology, University Hospital Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

    X
  • Nina Agabian,

    Affiliation: Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Aaron P Mitchell,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Institute of Cancer Research, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Alexander D Johnson,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Malcolm Whiteway,

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • André Nantel mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: andre.nantel@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca

    Affiliation: Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

    X
  • Published: June 17, 2005
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0010001

About the Authors

Burkhard R Braun, Diane O Inglis, M. Andrew Uhl, Alexander D Johnson
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Marco van het Hoog, Mikhail Martchenko, Hervé Hogues, Anastasia Levitin, Ursula Oberholzer, Catherine Bachewich, Doreen Harcus, Anne Marcil, Daniel Dignard, Tatiana Iouk, Rosa Zito, Edwin Wang, Malcolm Whiteway, André Nantel
Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Christophe d'Enfert
Unité Postulante Biologie et Pathogénicité Fongiques, INRA USC 2019, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Jan Dungan, Alan Kuo, Gerwald Köhler, George Newport, Nina Agabian
Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Matthew Berriman, Kim Rutherford
The Sanger Centre, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Michael Lorenz
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Utah-Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas, United States of America
Lionel Frangeul
Plate-Forme Intégration et Analyse Génomique, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Fredj Tekaia
Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Levures, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Carol A Munro, Steve Bates, Neil A Gow
School of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Lois L Hoyer
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
Joachim Morschhäuser
Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie, Universität Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
Sadri Znaidi, Martine Raymond
Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Bernard Turcotte
Department of Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Gavin Sherlock, Maria Costanzo
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, United States of America
Jan Ihmels
Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Judith Berman
Department of Genetics, Cell Biology, and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
Dominique Sanglard
Institute of Microbiology, University Hospital Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Aaron P Mitchell
Department of Microbiology and Institute of Cancer Research, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: andre.nantel@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca

Competing Interests

BRB is an employee of both Incyte and University of California at San Francisco (UCSF). Incyte played no role in this work, and the resources used were all from UCSF.

Author Contributions

BRB, CD, JD, DOI, MB, ML, APM, ADJ, MW, and AN conceived and designed the experiments. BRB, MM, JD, DOI, MAV, AL, VO, CB, DH, AM, DD, TL, RZ, MW, and AN performed the experiments. BRB, MV, CD, AK, HH, MB, CAM, SB, NAG, LLH, GK, JM, GN, SZ, MR, BT, JHI, JB, DS, NA, MW, and AN analyzed the data. BRB, MV, CD, JD, AK, DOI, MAV, HH, MB, ML, LF, FT, KR, EW, GS, MC, NA, APM, ADJ, and AN contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. BRB, CD, AK, MB, EW, NAG, LLH, GK, JM, GN, SZ, MR, BT, GS, JB, DS, ADJ, MW, and AN wrote the paper.