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Research Article

Mutation and Evolutionary Rates in Adélie Penguins from the Antarctic

  • Craig D. Millar,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

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  • Andrew Dodd,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

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  • Jennifer Anderson,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

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  • Gillian C. Gibb,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

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  • Peter A. Ritchie,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

    Current address: School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand

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  • Carlo Baroni,

    Affiliations: Dipartmento Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy, Consiglio Nazionale Ricerche, Centro Studio Geologia Strutturale, Pisa, Italy

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  • Michael D. Woodhams,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Massey University Palmerston North, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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  • Michael D. Hendy,

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Massey University Palmerston North, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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  • David M. Lambert mail

    d.lambert@griffith.edu.au

    Affiliation: Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

    Current address: Griffith School of Environment and School of Biomolecular and Physical Sciences, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia

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  • Published: October 03, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000209

Reader Comments (3)

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Actual mutation rate vs. evolutionary rate

Posted by ShiHuang on 18 Oct 2008 at 18:59 GMT

Your paper provides one more support for my recent proposal, the maximum genetic diversity (MGD) hypothesis. (see, http://precedings.nature....)

Genetic distance over long evolutionary time is often the maximum genetic distance that has long been reached before present. The rate calculated from this maximum genetic distance should therefore be much smaller than the actual mutation rate from pedigree analysis of either fossils or extant organisms.

Fossil sequences are going to revolutionize the field of molecular evolution. The central theory of the field, the molecular clock hypothesis, can no longer escape direct testing. For an analysis of the test result, see Huang, S. Riv. Biol. 2008, 101: 93-108 (http://precedings.nature....)

and http://www.thegoldengnomo...

These results show clearly that the clock hypothesis is largely incorrect. The only alternative is the MGD hypothesis that explains all relevant facts and has yet to be contradicted by a single observation.